T2A Pathway Framework

T2A has identified 10 stages of the criminal justice system where interventions could be effective for young adults. The focus of this current period is on policing, the courts, and probation practice, including community sentences and supervision post-custody.

Developing the pathway framework

Early on in the campaign T2A developed the T2A pathways model to support its advocacy for young adults.  This model evolved from six pathway pilot projects which together represented a whole pathways approach to working with young adults throughout the criminal justice process enabling us to better understand what young adults need in the criminal justice system.

Each number on the graphic represents a stage on the pathway and below the graphic is more information about that pathway and the evidence-based approach T2A recommends to CJS organisations

Policing and arrest

T2A recommends that the police receive specific training for managing contact with young adults.


T2A recommends that diversion services are commissioned by Police and Crime Commissioners.

Restorative Justice

T2A recommends that restorative justice should be considered for all young adult offenders.


T2A recommends the use of deferred prosecutions for young adults who have committed low level offences.


T2A recommends that probation services complete pre-sentence reports on all young adults.

Community Sentences

T2A recommends probation services develop young adult teams and work with the voluntary sector.

Transfer Process

T2A recommends youth offending and probation services make arrangements to ensure young adults have support.


T2A believes that every effort should be made to keep non-violent young adults out of custody.


T2A has shown the importance of prison, probation and resettlement organisations providing support to young adults.

Desistance from crime

T2A recommends a young adult specific approach with a focus on practical support.