Young adults need better mental health support in the criminal justice system, says independent commission

Young adults in the criminal justice system need better help for their mental health to prevent problems getting worse, says a briefing published today by Centre for Mental Health.

The briefing, published as part of the independent Bradley Commission, shows that almost all young adults in contact with the criminal justice system have multiple problems including mental ill health. Many lead chaotic lives that cause stress and distress. Yet many of the services that work with this group either end or begin at age 18, leaving young adults without effective support.

The briefing identifies eight core components of effective engagement with young adults. These include a focus on identifying emerging problems early on rather than waiting for a diagnosis to help to make mental health support more engaging. And they include developing consistent and continuous relationships with staff; addressing the full range of a young person’s needs in one place; and involving young adults in making decisions about the support they want and in helping others.

The briefing also makes recommendations for policy and practice. They include:

  • Services working with young people of transitional age should facilitate a formal, face-to-face transfer of care meeting involving the young person, their family and each service that is working with them.
  • Liaison and diversion services should run at evenings and weekends and involve children and young adults in designing services.
  • Education, Health and Care Plans for young people with special educational needs should run continuously, including when a person is in custody.
  • Appropriate adult services should be extended to young adults with mental health problems and those with learning disabilities.