T2A launches national programme for young adults involved in the criminal justice system

T2A Pathway logo blue








Embargo: 00:00 Wednesday 22 January 2014

T2A launches national programme for young adults involved

in the criminal justice system


An innovative three-year national programme to deliver interventions to young adults involved with the criminal justice system was launched today in six locations.

The ‘T2A Pathway’ will be delivered by partnerships between the voluntary and statutory sectors, as part of the work of the Transition to Adulthood Alliance (T2A). The projects will work with 16-25 year olds at different stages of the criminal justice system.  Young adults are vastly over-represented in the criminal justice system. While 18-24 year olds account for around 10% of the general population, they represent around a third of the probation service’s caseload, and a third of those sent to prison each year.

Alongside the delivery of the T2A Pathway, Barrow Cadbury Trust has commissioned an independent four-year formative, summative and economic evaluation, which began in late 2013. The evaluations will measure the social and economic impact and effectiveness of each project. The evaluation team, led by Professor Paul Senior and Kevin Wong at the Hallam Centre for Community Justice within Sheffield Hallam University, will also support delivery organisations with establishing baseline data, data collection systems, and data analysis.

The T2A Pathway projects include provision of mental health support, restorative justice, drug and alcohol treatment, family engagement and help with finding employment.  The new T2A Pathway projects include partnerships with the police in London and Rotherham, with courts and probation in Liverpool and Sheffield, and with five prisons in the West Midlands. The projects are all co-funded by Barrow Cadbury Trust, along with a range of statutory partners, from Police and Crime Commissioners to prisons and local authorities.

The projects will develop further the work of three T2A (Transition to Adulthood) pilots, which worked with more than 2,000 young adults between 2009 and 2013 in London, Birmingham and Worcestershire.  The pilots showed that treating young adults as a distinct group reduced offending and increased employment.  The projects will be the centrepiece of the delivery work of the T2A Alliance, a coalition of 13 leading charities, which works to evidence the importance of a distinct approach for young adults either at risk of entering the criminal justice system or already involved in it.

Announcing the new T2A Pathway, Joyce Moseley OBE, Chair of the T2A Alliance said:

“Young people on the cusp of adulthood often have a range of challenges to overcome, and those in trouble with the law have often lost contact with family, education or employment, which are vital for turning away from a life of crime. We’ve known for some time that young adults in the criminal justice system benefit hugely from a distinct approach that takes account of their variable maturity and addresses their particular needs.

T2A’s research has shown how services can work effectively with young adults throughout the criminal justice process and link them back to a crime-free life, benefitting them and their communities.  The T2A Pathway will provide young adults across the country with the opportunity to make amends and address their offending, and guide them into a stable and productive adulthood.”


Note to Editors

The T2A Alliance

i)             The T2A Alliance is funded by the Barrow Cadbury Trust and was established in 2008. In 2012 T2A published the ‘Pathways from Crime’, which created the concept of the ‘T2A Pathway’, a 10-stage framework that describes how services can work effectively with young adults throughout the criminal justice process, from point of arrest to release from prison.

ii)          Over a half of young adults in custody go on to reoffend within one year of release and up to two-thirds reoffend within two years.

iii)            The T2A Alliance’s members are:  Addaction, Black Training and Enterprise Group (BTEG), Catch22, the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (CCJS), Clinks, the Criminal Justice Alliance (CJA), the Howard League for Penal Reform, Nacro, the Prince’s Trust, the Prison Reform Trust (PRT), Revolving Doors Agency, the Young Foundation, and Young Minds.

Barrow Cadbury Trust

The Barrow Cadbury Trust is an independent, charitable foundation, committed to supporting vulnerable and marginalised people in society. The Trust provides grants to grassroots voluntary and community groups working in deprived communities in the UK, with a focus on Birmingham and the Black Country. It also works with researchers, think tanks and government, often in partnership with other grant-makers, seeking to overcome the structural barriers to a more just and equal society.

The six T2A Pathway programmes


(please note information about the Pathway programmes is also available on the T2A Pathway page: /pathway/)

i)                     Advance Minerva


The project will work in Westminster, Hammersmith & Fulham, and Kensington & Chelsea. It is a partnership with the Tri-borough Community Safety Teams, police teams across the Tri-borough and Starting Over, the custody referral service within the Tri-borough police stations.

ADVANCE  will work with approximately 150 young adult women per year aged 18-24 who have been stopped by the police for anti-social behaviour or minor offences, arrested, subject to an anti-social behaviour order, and/or have been in police custody.

ADVANCE  keyworkers will undertake an assessment of needs in a women-only environment and deliver a support and intervention plan that is tailored to individual needs. There will be a particular focus on problems relating to mental health, domestic and sexual violence and abuse, alcohol and drug issues, as well as on life skills (budget management, parenting, self-esteem).

ADVANCE staff will deliver 20 training sessions for police officers in the Tri-borough, to ensure that gender and equality issues are at the forefront of police activities, addressing the particular needs of young adult women, and ensuring that referral procedures and information sharing are efficient and effective. If appropriate, voluntary engagement with ADVANCE will be used as an alternative to a formal criminal justice sanction.

The project is strengthened and complimented by additional local authority funding to work with women subject to short sentences, and ADVANCE is also supported by London Probation Trust to work with women sentenced to over 12 months and on community sentences, which will ensure continuity for women who go on to be sentenced. Match funding has been secured from the London boroughs involved.

ii)                  Together for Mental Wellbeing


The project, based at stages 1 (policing and arrest) and 2 (diversion) of the T2A Pathway, will offer mental health support to vulnerable young adults aged 18-24 years who come into contact with police and emergency services in Rotherham. Together for Mental Wellbeing will run the project in partnership with South Yorkshire Police, Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council and Rotherham Doncaster and South Humber Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust.

It will work with individuals who are at risk of offending or at a pre-conviction stage to respond to their needs at the earliest possible stage of contact. All young women at policing and arrest stage will be offered the service, due to the strong links between mental distress and offending amongst this group.

A mental health practitioner will offer screenings in police custody and will also receive referrals by police, the Vulnerable Person’s Unit, mental health services and other local agencies. Based on a holistic assessment, individuals will be offered practical support to manage their mental wellbeing and to access community resources, from employment and training, to housing, mental health and substance misuse services. Staff will also support young adults to identify, understand and alter any behaviours that are perpetuating their mental distress. They will work with individuals to develop tools that enable them to sustain these changes, for example, emotional awareness, assertiveness, negotiation and problem-solving skills. A key focus will be on strengthening their informal support networks and relationships.

Young adults will be supported for approximately three months (dependent on individual need) with the aim being that on leaving the service, they will have developed a personal set of resources that will reduce their mental distress, risk of offending and dependency on emergency services.

Match funding has been secured from the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner with additional funds provided by the Clinical Commissioning Group.

iii)                Remedi

The project will operate at stages 3 (Restorative Justice) and 6 (Community Sentences) of the T2A Pathway, and will deliver restorative mentoring interventions to young adults aged 17-25 across South Yorkshire.
The mentoring provided is ‘restorative’ in that it seeks to address the harm that has been caused by the offence. Remedi has found that that harm caused by an offender presents significant barriers in their life to successful resettlement and to their motivation or ability to stop offending. By combining a broad cross-section  of mentoring (befriending, encouragement, guidance, practical and emotional support) with restorative practices  (mediation, family conferencing, restorative conferencing), Remedi will deliver a needs-led service for  the individual and the wider community.

150 referrals per year will be made by Remedi’s existing and long-established partners in the youth offending service and probation trust. Typical mentoring relationships will last between 3 and 6 months.

Two dedicated full time practitioners will provide these specifically targeted intensive services for the young adult group, alongside existing mentoring teams working with a broader range of offenders. Match funding has been secured from the Police Crime Commissioner’s Office for South Yorkshire.

iv)                Addaction

The project will be delivered at stage 5 (sentencing), located at Young Addaction Liverpool, providing a specialist service for young adults with drug and alcohol problems.

The service will be offered following arrest at the youth and adult courts in central Liverpool to provide an alternative route for around 65 young adults per year aged 16-24 who risk entering the criminal justice system because of possession of illegal drugs (usually cannabis), alcohol-related offences or other types of crime or anti-social behaviour fuelled by substance misuse. Referrals will come from the police, custody suites and the court.

All interventions will involve collaboration between Addaction, the YOS, the Crown Prosecution Service and magistrates. The young adults will be given the opportunity to volunteer for a six week treatment programme as a possible alternative to a fine or further court appearance. The interventions will include one-to-one sessions with an Addaction key worker who will be located at police stations and courts – and structured group sessions that emphasise mutual aid, peer support and encourage participants to take responsibility for their own behaviour and recovery. Subject to successful completion of the treatment programme, young adults could be offered the opportunity to leave the scheme with a conditional or absolute discharge. Match-funding has been secured from the Liverpool Drug and Alcohol Team (DAAT) service.

v)                  Prison Advice and Care Trust (Pact)

This project will be delivered at stages 8 (custody) and 9 (resettlement) of the T2A Pathway, providing family support services for young adults (males and females) in custody, and on release from, three prisons in Staffordshire. The project would, for the first time, bring together Pact’s Transforming Relationships model with Family Group Conferencing providing a family-led approach in custody and through to resettlement.

Pact’s Family Engagement Worker (FEW) would provide case management for young adult prisoners and their families in YOI/HMPs Drake Hall (youth/adult female), HMP/YOI Werrington (youth male) and HMP Stafford (adult male). The FEW will work in each prison and also work with the families in the community. Referrals will come via the prison induction team with priority to those who meet Troubled Families criteria. Pact’s Family Champions, recruited from among longer-sentence trained prisoners, will be involved in an initial triage to determine levels of support and will provide short- term interventions.
Pact will also provide effective signposting into existing resettlement services in prison and support services in the community. The planned average duration of support will be 6 months across the FEW and Troubled Families teams combined but with the flexibility to meet the specific needs of each family.

Match-funding has been secured from HMP/YOI Werrington, HMP/YOI Drake Hall, HMP Stafford, Stafford Borough Council and in-kind funding from Staffordshire and West Midlands Probation Trust.

vi)                The Prince’s Trust

This project will deliver at stages 8 (custody) and 9 (resettlement) of the T2A Pathway, providing mentoring support aimed at routes to employment, education and training for young adults in the West Midlands, aged between 16 to 25, who have at least three months left of a custodial sentence. The project will engage with two prisons: HMP Featherstone and HMP/YOI Brinsford (male prison and young adult male prison). It may extend to a further prison at a later date. The project will support young adults who volunteer to join the programme when leaving prison and re-entering the community, with the aim of preventing a relapse into offending.

Young adults in custody who engage with the service will attend a pre-release session where the Prison Outreach Executive will introduce the project. The pre-release session will cover such topics as: realising your potential, staying away from crime, mapping support, and commitment to change. In addition, trained volunteer ex-offenders from The Prince’s Trust will be invited to speak to the young adults and discuss how they have turned their lives around.

The young adults will be offered one-to-one mentoring sessions with the Prison Outreach Executive (three sessions before and three after release). Mentoring could last up to 6 months (3 months pre-release and 3 months in the community). The Prince’s Trust may provide additional support beyond that point.  As part of the mentoring provision the young adult will work with the Prison Outreach Executive to develop an individual action plan for when they are released.

The young adults that engage with the project will be encouraged to join a Prince’s Trust programme after leaving prison, if it is suitable to their needs and interests. The programmes on offer cover areas such as vocational skills training, personal skills development, and business start up support.

Match funding will be available from the Education Funding Agency or Skills Funding Agency for young people who decide to join The Prince’s Trust’s Team programme, a 12 week personal development course.


Barrow Cadbury              

Max Rutherford, Criminal Justice Programme Manager   0207 632 9066/07969 965553
Debbie Pippard, Head of Programmes and Vice Chair of T2A Alliance   0207 632 9072/07985 226403
Diana Ruthven, Communications Manager   0207 632 9077/07807 131105

www.t2a.org.uk                            @T2AAlliance

www.barrowcadbury.org.uk      @BarrowCadbury