The T2A Pathway Programme is the most recent demonstration of the T2A approach. Launched in January 2014 it tested approaches which take account of maturity and transitions for young adults at the key points on the T2A pathway. Over three years the Programme will delivered interventions to young adults in six locations across England. These six projects representedcollectively a whole pathway approach to working with 16-24 year olds throughout the criminal justice process. Watch a short film about the demonstration projects.
The projects were run by voluntary organisations which provided targeted initiatives to support young people and address the underlying causes of crime. These organisations were: Addaction, Advance, PACT (Prison Advice and Care Trust), The Prince’s Trust, Remedi, and Together for Mental Wellbeing.
The table below details where the projects were located, the nature of the intervention and the Pathway point they were working at. The Pathway Framework icon on the right hand side of the page links to an interactive diagram which explains the different Pathway stages.
|Pathway Project||Location||Age Range||key intervention||Pathway point (s)|
Treatment and one-to-one support
1 - policing and arrest
Tri-borough area of London
Early stage tailored support for young women
1 - Policing and arrest
HMP/YOIs in West Midlands
Family and relationship support
8 - Custody
HMP/YOIs in Staffordshire
Mentoring to support entry to education, training and employment
8 - Custody
3 - Restorative justice
Early stage mental health assessment
1 - Policing and arrest
The logos on the Pathway map below link to more detailed information about each of the Demonstration projects.
The project will be delivered at stage 5 (sentencing), located at Young Addaction Liverpool, providing a specialist service for young adults with drug and alcohol problems.
The service will be offered following arrest at the youth and adult courts in central Liverpool to provide an alternative route for around 65 young adults per year aged 16-24 who risk entering the criminal justice system because of possession of illegal drugs (usually cannabis), alcohol-related offences or other types of crime or anti-social behaviour fuelled by substance misuse. Referrals will come from the police, custody suites and the court.
All interventions will involve collaboration between Addaction, the YOS, the Crown Prosecution Service and magistrates.The young adults will be given the opportunity to volunteer for a six week treatment programme as a possible alternative to a fine or further court appearance. The interventions will include one-to-one sessions with an Addaction key worker who will be located at police stations and courts – and structured group sessions that emphasise mutual aid, peer support and encourage participants to take responsibility for their own behaviour and recovery. Subject to successful completion of the treatment programme, young adults could be offered the opportunity to leave the scheme with a conditional or absolute discharge. Match-funding has been secured from the Liverpool Drug and Alcohol Team (DAAT) service.
The project will operate at stages 3 (Restorative Justice) and 6 (Community Sentences) of the T2A Pathway, and will deliver restorative mentoring interventions to young adults aged 17-25 across South Yorkshire.
The mentoring provided is ‘restorative’ in that it seeks to address the harm that has been caused by the offence. Remedi has found that that harm caused by an offender presents significant barriers in their life to successful resettlement and to their motivation or ability to stop offending. By combining a broad cross-section of mentoring (befriending, encouragement, guidance, practical and emotional support) with restorative practices (mediation, family conferencing, restorative conferencing), Remedi will deliver a needs- led service for the individual and the wider community.
150 referrals per year will be made by Remedi’s existing and long-established partners in the youth offending service and probation trust. Typical mentoring relationships will last between 3 and 6 months.
Two dedicated full time practitioners will provide these specifically targeted intensive services for the young adult group, alongside existing mentoring teams working with a broader range of offenders. Match funding has been secured from the Police Crime Commissioner’s Office for South Yorkshire.
The project, based at stages 1 (policing and arrest) and 2 (diversion) of the T2A Pathway, will offer mental health support to vulnerable young adults aged 18-24 years who come into contact with police and emergency services in Rotherham. Together will run the project in partnership with South Yorkshire Police, Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council and Rotherham Doncaster and South Humber Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust.
It will work with individuals who are at risk of offending or at a pre-conviction stage to respond to their needs at the earliest possible stage of contact. All young women at policing and arrest stage will be offered the service, due to the strong links between mental distress and offending amongst this group.
A mental health practitioner will offer screenings in police custody and will also receive referrals by police, the Vulnerable Person’s Unit, mental health services and other local agencies. Based on a holistic assessment, individuals will be offered practical support to manage their mental wellbeing and to access community resources, from employment and training, to housing, mental health and substance misuse services.
Young adults will be supported for approximately three months (dependent on individual need) with the aim being that on leaving the service, they will have developed a personal set of resources that will reduce their mental distress, risk of offending and dependency on emergency services.
This project will be delivered at stages 8 (custody) and 9 (resettlement) of the T2A Pathway, providing family support services for young adults (males and females) in custody, and on release from, three prisons in Staffordshire. The project will, for the first time, bring together Pact’s Transforming Relationships model with Family Group Conferencing, providing a family-led approach in custody and through to resettlement. Pact’s Family Engagement Worker (FEW) will provide case management for young adult prisoners and their families in YOI/HMPs Drake Hall (youth/adult female), HMP/YOI Werrington (youth male) and HMP Stafford (adult male). The FEW will work in each prison and with the families in the community. Referrals will come via the prison induction team with priority to those who meet Troubled Families criteria. Pact’s Family Champions, recruited from among longer-sentence trained prisoners, will be involved in an initial triage to determine levels of support and will provide short-Term interventions.
Pact will also provide effective signposting into existing resettlement services in prison and support services in the community. The planned average duration of support will be 6 months across the FEW and Troubled Families teams combined.
Match-funding has been secured from HMP/YOI Werrington, HMP/YOI Drake Hall, HMP Stafford, Stafford Borough Council and in-kind funding from Staffordshire and West Midlands Probation Trust.
This project will deliver at stages 8 (custody) and 9 (resettlement) of the T2A Pathway, providing mentoring support aimed at routes to employment, education and training for young adults in the West Midlands, aged between 16 to 25, who have at least three months left of a custodial sentence. The project will engage with two prisons: HMP Featherstone and HMP/YOI Brinsford (male prison and young adult male prison). It may extend to a further prison at a later date. The project will support young adults who volunteer to join the programme when leaving prison and re-entering the community, with the aim of preventing a relapse into offending.
Young adults in custody who engage with the service will attend a pre-release session where the Prison Outreach Executive will introduce the project. The pre-release session will cover such topics as: realising your potential, staying away from crime, mapping support, and commitment to change. In addition, trained volunteer ex-offenders from The Prince’s Trust will be invited to speak to the young adults and discuss how they have turned their lives around.
The young adults will be offered one-to-one mentoring sessions with the Prison Outreach Executive (three sessions before and three after release). Mentoring could last up to 6 months (3 months pre-release and 3 months in the community). As part of the mentoring provision the young adult will work with the Prison Outreach Executive to develop an individual action plan for when they are released.
The project will deliver at stage 1 (policing and arrest) and will work in Westminster, Hammersmith & Fulham, and Kensington & Chelsea. It is a partnership with the Tri-borough Community Safety Teams, police teams across the Tri-borough and Starting Over, the custody referral service within the Tri-borough police stations.
ADVANCE will work with approximately 150 young adult women per year aged 18-24 who have been stopped by the police for anti-social behaviour or minor offences, arrested, subject to an anti-social behaviour order, and/or have been in police custody.
ADVANCE keyworkers will undertake an assessment of needs in a women-only environment and deliver a support and intervention plan that is tailored to individual needs. There will be a particular focus on problems relating to mental health, domestic and sexual violence and abuse, alcohol and drug issues, as well as on life skills (budget management, parenting, self-esteem).
ADVANCE staff will deliver 20 training sessions for police officers in the Tri-borough, to ensure that gender and equality issues are at the forefront of police activities, addressing the particular needs of young adult women, and ensuring that referral procedures and information sharing are efficient and effective.
Read Lived Experience about the young adult participants which illustrate how additional support for young adults can deliver outcomes.